23.4 5. 6. 7. 8.
Featured Image: Linda Loyd, The Philadelphia Inquirer August 5, 1982
1 Elly Bulkin, Conditions “Hard Ground: Jewish Identity, Racism and Antisemitism” 1984
2 Associated Press, Asbury Park Press, New Jersey August 3, 1981
3 Associated Press, The Tribune, Coshocton, Ohio. September 27, 1982
4 John Dart, The Los Angeles Times, August 8, 1981
5 Chutzpah, Issue 2, 1972. Photograph of Tisha B’Av Protest against the Vietnam War, Federal Plaza, Chicago
6 Tisha B’Av Protest call in The Seed, 1972 Vol. 8 Issue 9 June 15, 1972
7 Maralee Gordon, The Seed Vol. 7 Issue 12 January 1, 1971
8 Maralee Gordon, The Seed Vol. 7 Issue 12 January 1, 1971
In August, 2018 Jewish Currents ran a short article of mine about a Vietnam War protest in Chicago, 1972, that was centered around Tisha B’Av, a Jewish ritual day of mourning. While the piece was mostly about how Jewish ritual protest is common today, and was once innovative, my research was more broad. I want to understand the relationship of Jewish mourning to political protest. The history of Tisha B’Av as a site of political resistance in the alternative press first gets mentioned in 1971, by Maralee Gordon, a member of the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union, a staff member of the The Seed and who would go on to be a founder of the Chutzpah Jewish Liberation Collective. She reviews Arthur Waskow’s book, The Bush is Burning (1971) which confirms her belief that to be Jewish is to be an “outsider” predisposed to radical politics, and that Jewish ritual and practice should be amended to meet the contemporary political needs of the world.
In the 1980’s, New Jewish Agenda staged nation-wide protests on Tisha B’Av, against Nuclearization and the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. They also protested on Yom Kippur.
In 1984 Elly Bulkin describes a Tisha B’Av vigil in Conditions which was disrupted by the Jewish Defense League. The experience reveals the complexities of Jewish identity, disrupting easy definitions and the reality of a unified “we” when speaking as Jewish person about Jewish people.